Carrying on from this weeks rioting theme.

“Disclaimer due to the large complex nature of the Troubles there will not be too much detail due to being aimed at the casual reader”

Today is 42 years since theBattleof the Bogside. For those people who wanted the army on the streets ofEnglandandWalesthis week this is the place where the British Army learned its crowd control tactics.  A brief overview of the battle of the Bogside is just really the culmination of years of rivalry between the Catholic and Protestant communities inNorthern Ireland.  These conflicts are deep rooted and have many different causes and effects through history, for example the Irish Civil War and the Black and tans; even as far back as Protestant land reforms in Ireland itself.

The Rioting started due the proposed Apprentice boys march though London Derry, past a predominantly Catholic area, caused Friction and barricades were set up. I understand there are more complicated reasons as well but I would be talking about this for three to fours pages more on that aspect in itself.

“All Volunteers must look upon the British Army as an occupying force” (IRA Green Book)

The Royal Ulster Constabulary where way overstretched and very much not liked in the Catholic community much, the same can be said about the B specials. For those few days the country was pulling itself apart, Prime Minister Harold Wilson decided it was time to send in the troops to back up; the failing law and order situation forced the Prime Ministers hand. The Ironic situation was this “They’re going to be there for seven years at least”. How right wasWilson. The Army was seen positively by the Catholic community at first, cups of tea and sandwiches were brought out to the soldier’s. It would take a spark to really set of the Troubles and bring terrorism to theUnited Kingdombut this is a story for another time. Operation Banner had begun.

 

Bibliography of Recommended Texts

Hennessey ,Thomas., A History of Northern Ireland 1920-1996 (Palgrave 1997)

Hennessey, Thomas.,  The Origins of the Troubles ( Gill & Macmillan 2005)

Kennedy-Pipe, Caroline., The Origins of the Present Troubles in Northern Ireland (Longman 1997)

Marr, Andrew.,  A History of Modern Britain ( Macmillan 2007)

Taylor, Peter.,  Provos The IRA & Sinn Fein (Bloomsbury 1998)

Taylor, Peter., Brits The War Against The IRA (Bloomsbury 2002)

Taylor, Peter., Loyalists ( Bloomsbury 2000)

Background Information onNorthern IrelandSociety

– Security and Defence, http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/ni/security.htm

Annual Deaths in Northern Ireland, by ‘Status’ of Person Killed, August 1969 to December 1995,http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/issues/violence/death95w.htm

Report on the Committee of Inquiry into Police Interrogation Procedures inNorthern Ireland, http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/hmso/bennett.htm

House of Commons Statement [Northern Ireland(Security) (situation inArmagh)] http://www.margaretthatcher.org/speeches/displaydocument.asp?docid=102933

Army paper says IRA not defeated  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6276416.stm

 

 

 

 

 

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